There’s Composition Problems
This is sort of a catch-all category of minor composition problems that I often see in beginner photos.
One such problem is having elements either protrude into the shot or they get cut off.
A perfect example is when you’re taking a portrait, and there’s a tree branch poking into the side of the frame (like the one on the right side of the photo above). Or, alternatively, you cut off the top of a person’s head or cut off their feet in their portrait.
The fix for these issues is easy – check the frame!
It takes just a couple of seconds to scan the image in your viewfinder and make adjustments to the framing or your shooting position to rectify the problem.
Another minor mistake that has major implications on the quality of your photos is having a crooked horizon in your landscape shots.
There’s really no excuse for this these days because there’s just too many tools at our disposal to get nice, level horizons.
Many cameras have a virtual horizon feature, and if they don’t, you can turn on the Rule of Thirds overlay and use one of the horizontal gridlines as a guide.
What’s more, many tripods have built-in bubble levels, and you can get a bubble level to put on the hot-shoe mount of your camera.
When you’re out shooting, try not to rely on horizontal or vertical orientation.
Instead, mix it up and take multiple shots in each orientation of the subject.
Though landscapes are typically taken in horizontal format, a vertical shot might actually be better for the subject, as shown above.
Likewise, though portraits are usually taken in vertical format, a horizontal shot might be your ticket to a better photo.